In the spirit of the new year, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, and Ministry of Public Works and Housing successfully held the Water Accounting Roadmap (WARM) second workshop in hybrid setting from 23rd – 25th January 2024 led by Alluvium, an Australian partner of the Water Scarcity Program (WSP). This event was following the previous Water Accounting Roadmap Workshop last year and these three days' workshop attended by 25 offline and 7 trainees joining online.

Day 1 – Defining the purpose and scope of the data collection, processing, and storage in a national approach.

To officially start the workshop, Mrs. Titih Titisari from the Directorate General Water Resources of the Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), gave her remarks in the hope that the next three days of a workshop can provide a strong understanding and basis for preparing efficient water balances and allocation, as well as a strong basis for preparing action plans for managing national water scarcity. In today’s workshop, the focus was to get clarification or identification on how the accounting is legislated at the national level, especially for water accounting is undertaken at a basin level and how both approaches fit. In this day workshop as well, trainees were actively participating in several sessions of discussion which were divided into three.

Photo 1 - Day one of WARM II Workshop

The first discussion was to know the intent of the national level regulation, also the concern for policymakers at different levels, and further consideration. In the second discussion, trainees were discussing to get knowledge on how at the national level to gather data and the type of the data later found that several platforms for data sharing exist, and a lot of the hydrological (water balance) information can be found online.

It is water user info that can be hard to get (actual not allocated), and accounting analysis should be user-friendly. The third discussion was to focus on the water accounting analysis of the model type used and the specific inputs and outputs required. The last was emphasizing the information on the reporting and communications which in Indonesia, a good template for reporting already exists.

Day 2 –WEAP vs RIBASIM, basin level approach, and the Cimanuk Cisanggarung basin.

Opening day two, trainees got an overview of the Cimanuk basin which was explained in detail by Mr. Roni Farfian, representative of the Cimanuk Cisanggarung river basin team, explaining their readiness on annual water allocations plan and detailed water allocations plan such as the mapping and information for irrigation area and supply points, PDAM supply and other water users’ locations. To gather many perspectives, trainees interactively discuss the minimum level of data needed to develop up a water accounting framework.

Photo 2 - Mr Roni Farfian from Cimancis BBWS

It can be found that the Cimanuk Cisanggarung river basin profile is already comprehensive and uses the policy of one map for the river basin and all data are centered in the River Basin Management Center in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry also using the WEAP to model their river basin data. The Cimanuk Cisanggarung is already a good example of how river basin management is well-prepared not withstanding minor updates which may be employed and can be replicated in another river basin in Indonesia.

Day 3 – Reporting and communication.

Photo 3 - Mr. Ir. Juari ME Bappenas

The last day of the workshop was opened by Mr. Ir. Juari ME from the Directorate of Water Resources of the Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) in the message of hope that these past three days of learning can increase the country capacity to implement the water accounting to translate it into a good plan for river basin. Moreover, for others who cannot join the workshop and to prepare human resources in the future, all material and discussion results are expected to be shared.

Getting into the workshop, trainees were engaged in a group discussion offline and online, to explore what the essential water information for different users’ needs to be disclosed and how to guide for setting up the accounting, later to articulate into a template that can present to another group. This was through by simulating the team as end-user groups, which could include: industry, local government, and irrigation managers.

Afer the discussion and presenting the result from each group, Mr. Ewin Sofian Winata, ST, MEM, the Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) gave his word to expect from this event to expect to increase the governance and water accounting for the nation because water security is already become the compass of policy. For instance, the river basin improvement program especially for information, data availability, and other gaps that found in these three days of workshop will be a takeaway for the government to fill through programs and become valuable information and guidance for governments to formulate the national policies and strategies.

Photo 4 - Group Discussion

This Water Accounting Roadmap (WARM) Workshop will be followed up into stage three with a plan to be placed at the end of March 2024 led by the Alluvium team.

For more information, please contact (Mr) Fany Wedahuditama: fany@ws-indonesia.org and/or fany.wedahuditama@gwpsea.org

This Water Accounting Roadmap (WARM) II Workshop is supported by the Australian Government through the Australian Water Partnership and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

Following the first Water Accounting and Allocation training held earlier in August, we successfully had the second in-person training from 4th – 8th December 2023 led by the trainers from FutureWater with the support of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas and Ministry of Public Works and Housing. In total, 25 participants attended the training with one trainee joining online.

Aiming to leverage the capacity to take practical steps to address and manage water scarcity while experiencing rapid population growth under a changing climate, this second Water Accounting and Allocation aimed to develop a water account using a variety of geospatial and water resources modelling tools for the Cimanuk basin as an example.

Day 1 and Day 2 – Tools for Water Accounting and Data Collection and Analysis through Remote Sensing.

Photo 1 - Training II Day 1

Mrs. Titih Titisari, from Directorate General Water Resources Bappenas, officially started the second training with her opening remarks. The training modules covered on the first two days focused on assessing data availability and accessibility in the Cimanuk basin.

Participants learnt how remote sensing can be used for informing water resources management decisions and more specifically, how it can complement the Water Accounting approach. By using Google Earth Engine, participants extracted, processed, and analysed differently remotely sensed datasets to assess precipitation, land use and evapotranspiration for the Cimanuk basin, looking at trends during wet and dry seasons.

Day 3 and Day 4 – Working with the WEAP (Water Evaluation and Planning System) Model and Scenario Assessment using WEAP.

Through day three and day four, the trainees learnt the basics of Water Evaluation and Planning System (WEAP) model by using the Cimanuk basin as a case study. The training, consisting of hands-on exercises and group work, allowed participants to update the model by improving different input variables and assessing the impact of different interventions and projections on Water Security in the catchment.

Photo 2 - Training II Day 3

Day 5 – Visit Cimanuk Basin.

On the last day of the training, all trainees and trainers visited the Cimanuk Basin in Cirebon, West Java. Prior to the filed visit, the group was welcomed by the Head of Operational Division of Cimanuk Cisangerung River Basin Organisation (BBWS Cimanuk – Cisanggerung). During the welcoming session, the group had the opportunity to share insights from the Water Scarcity Program (WSP), water accounting training and the group work of the trainees. After the presentation from the groups, the WEAP consultant from BBWS Cimanuk-Cisanggerung presented the regulatory framework and the method of formulating catchment water balance in Cimanuk Cisanggerung basin.  

Photo 3 - Training II Day 5
Photo 4 - Training II visitation day

This overview results in a productive discussion and enabled participants to realise the usefulness of WEAP for managing water resources in the practical world. After the discussion with BBWS Cimanuk Cisanggerung, the group continued with field visit to Bendung Rentang (Rentang Weir) and water gate of Cipelang. Officials from BBWS Cimanuk Cisanggerung shared the challenges and upgradation of the Rentang Weir. The presentation provided the group with practical information that would be helpful for further strengthening the WEAP model. With this, the field visit came to an end and the group returned to Jakarta.

This water accounting training will be followed up with the second Water Accounting Roadmap (WARM) Workshop in January where the group will come together again to start preparing the pilot water accounting and allocation for the Cimanuk Cisanggerung basin. This workshop will be led by the Alluvium team and is planned for mid-January 2024.

For more information, please contact (Mr) Fany Wedahuditama: fany@ws-indonesia.org and/or fany.wedahuditama@gwpsea.org

This Water Accounting and Allocation Training II is supported by the Australian Government through the Australian Water Partnership and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

Having access to clean drinking water and sanitation services is a serious issue everywhere in the world. For hundreds of millions of people who live in areas impacted by violence or armed conflict, the situation has gotten worse. Such as Russia’s war in Ukraine and Israeli attacks against Palestinian water resources in the West Bank.

In Russia’s war in Ukraine, the infrastructure for the nation's water and sanitation systems has been completely destroyed by attacks on water supplies by both sides. Water supply and treatment systems used by civilians have been subjected to collateral damage, used as weapons in deliberate attacks, and put under pressure due to significant population movements.

Then, as hostilities have escalated beginning October 7, 2023, the humanitarian situation in Gaza has substantially worsened. The 2.3 million people who live in the Gaza Strip—of whom half are children—are currently struggling to meet their basic demands for water, sanitation, and hygiene. Some were compelled to start drilling wells near the sea in order to obtain drinking water, or they were depending on the saline tap water from Gaza's sole aquifer, which is tainted with sewage and saltwater. In addition, a blockade on the fuel that powers power plants result in the severe restriction or cessation of water and power supplies. In the north, water trucking—the practice of delivering water in lorries—has either completely ceased or is significantly hindered.

Since it is commonly known that having access to clean, affordable, and safe drinking water as well as sanitation services is a fundamental human right, Water Stewardship Indonesia (WSI) is calling and urge for an immediate halt to attacks and the urge to implementation of several measures, to guarantee that everyone, especially women and children, is protected in conflict areas and has access to enough clean water. The parties involved in the conflict, as well as world leaders and the humanitarian community at large, have an obligation to immediately cease hostilities, restore water supplies, and abide by international humanitarian law, which requires the protection of civilians and the preservation of infrastructure, particularly that pertaining to water and sanitation, which is vital to their survival.

As a series of Water Scarcity Program (WSP) activities, The Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) held the first National Multidisciplinary Team (NMT) Meeting on Monday, 13 September 2023, via hybrid event to discuss the initial draft outline of the National Water Scarcity Management Action Plan. Ninety-one attendees attended the meeting.

The meeting was opened by the Director of Water Resources of The Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, Mr Mohammad Irfan Saleh, informing the importance of the WSP program to help the formulation policy and strategic direction to manage water scarcity to achieve the Golden Indonesia Vision 2045. The opening was then continued by Caroline Turner from FAO Asia-Pacific, who explained the reality of increasing water scarcity in Asia-Pacific and the experiences of Africa region related to water scarcity management.

After the opening session, the following session was led by Fany Wedahuditama from Water Stewardship Indonesia (WSI) and Global Water Partnership Southeast Asia (GWP-SEA), focusing on the importance of National Multidisciplinary Team (NMT) in the implementation of WSP in Indonesia. The discussion was focused on the role and structure of NMT and the proposed membership of technical working groups. Below is the detailed information on the role of and structure of NMT.

Role of NMT:

To develop the draft of the National Water Scarcity Action Plan (WSAP), Proposed Structure of NMT:

During the discussion, several members of NMT also proposed to add additional members that are important to be included in NMT, namely the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning / National Land Agency, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Home Affairs. These proposed ministries have several directorates with direct interest and relevance to water scarcity issues.

After the discussion on NMT was closed, it was followed up by a presentation on the Water Scarcity Action Plan draft outline by Fany Wedahuditama. The water Scarcity Action Plan (WSAP) is the main output of NMT, and it will inform how the Government of Indonesia will address water scarcity challenges by emphasizing implementable action items, providing detailed infrastructure and institutional investment plans, and designating clear responsibilities for primary stakeholders. The WSAP offers an in-depth understanding of the current water situation, proposes advancements in national water accounting and allocation practices, and presents forward-looking initiatives for effective water management. The WSAP will underscore the importance of multi-sectoral cooperation, legislative modifications, and collaboration at both national and international scales to achieve sustainable water use in the face of worsening water scarcity.

One primary input of the WSAP was on the incentive and disincentive mechanisms to encourage every priority river basin authority to develop water accounting as the basis of water allocation. This item was not yet included in the draft outline. Furthermore, as the next meeting of NMT, it is expected that the NMT can already have an agreement on the final annotated outline of WSAP; it was suggested that NMT have a collaboration platform to work together. The director of Water Resources proposed for Water Stewardship Indonesia/GWP SEA to propose the best platform options. Moodle and Google Classroom were mentioned as common platforms.

At the end of the meeting, it was agreed that the next NMT meeting would be at the end of November or early December 2023. During October – November, the technical working Groups will have several meetings to discuss the WSAP outline and key issues that should be covered in the action plan. In addition, from the beginning, it would be useful to align the WSAP format with the existing government planning format. This will help in internalizing the WSAP into the planning and budgeting process.

For more information, please contact (Mr) Fany Wedahuditama: fany@ws-indonesia.org and/or fany.wedahuditama@gwpsea.org

The Water Security Program (WSP) is supported by the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations in Partnership with the Australian Water Partnership (AWP) which is supported by the Australian Government.

Following the Kick-Off Meeting Workshop for the Water Scarcity Program (WSP) at the end of August, we have successfully embarked on the Water Accounting Training offline for 4 (four) days, from 29th August – 1st September. Trainers from Future Water led the training with support from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, and the Ministry of Public Works and Housing. The event garnered an impressive 42 (forty-two) trainees.

This Water Accounting Training is the first part of a series of training workshops with the Water Scarcity Program which focused on building a solid technical understanding of the following concepts: 

Photo 1 - Training of Water Accounting day 1

Day 1 – Introduction of Water Accounting

Opened by several two opening remarks from Ministry of Public Works and BAPPENAS. Trainees were introduced to the knowledge and concept of water accounting, such as the objectives, components, terminologies, and objectives. 

Day 2 – Capacity Building on Water Accounting

For the second day, trainees were exploring the impact of environmental flows and ecosystem services on Water Accounting and some exercises into developing an outline also discussion on the data availability and accessibility.

Photo 2 - Training Day 2

Day 3 – Water Accounting in Agricultural Systems at Different Scale

Through day three, the trainees learned and gained a better understanding of evapotranspiration, estimating real water savings in agriculture using REWAS tools, and understanding the impact of irrigation efficiencies through Follow Water Tool and hands-on exercises. Before diving into the practice, Prof. Dr. Drs. Waluyo Hatmoko, M.sc, a Research Professor in Water Resources Management, visited the training to share his experiences on knowledge in developing water accounting and water allocation in Indonesia.

Photo 3 - Future Water, GWP-SEA, WSI and Prof. Dr. Drs. Waluyo Hatmoko

Day 4 – Designing a Water Account

In the last day, the training was doing more actively by doing the group work for designing for water account. This involved developing basin summaries and conducting a scenario assessment for water accounting by exploring Earth Map to obtain data for Cimanuk.

Photo 4 - All trainees and trainer after certifications

After the training, trainees were expected to:

Next, the agenda of the Water Scarcity Program following the training is establishing a National Multidisciplinary Team (NMT). This team consists of members from various water organisations (Government, private sector, university, and society) who will developing the Pilot Water Account, Water Accounting Roadmap, Water Scarcity Declaration, and Water Scarcity Action Plan (WSAP). The Water Scarcity Action Plan (WSAP) will be used as one of the key references in planning and budgeting for the Water Security program in Indonesia.

For more information about the Water Scarcity Program, please get in touch with (Mr) Fany Wedahuditama: fany@ws-indonesia.org and/or fany.wedahuditama@gwpsea.org.

The Water Security Program (WSP) is supported by the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations in Partnership with the Australian Water Partnership (AWP), which is supported by the Australian Government. 

In the Asia–Pacific region, water resources form the basis of agrarian prosperity and economic development. However, increasing water demand due to population growth, rapid industrialisation and urbanisation, and a changing climate undermine those water resources. Like many parts of the world, the Asia–Pacific faces increasing water scarcity, with varying characteristics, causes and trends across a diverse range of countries at different stages of development.

Indonesia experiences three types of water scarcity: too variable water, over-utilisation and poor water quality. While Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua have surplus water availability, Java, Nusa Tenggara Timur and Nusa Tenggara Barat experience localised water scarcity of varying types and severities. There is seasonal scarcity in parts of Indonesia, resulting in too variable water; during the dry season, 24 of 128 river basins are unable to meet water demands. Over-utilisation of water resources is also an issue in Indonesia, with water conflicts between users. Water demand is increasing due to economic pressures; industrial water demand alone is expected to increase from 9 billion m3 to 36 billion m3 between 2015 and 2045.

The Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas together with other stakeholders, are collaborating with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to implement the Asia-Pacific Water Scarcity Program in Indonesia. The program is being implemented together with Australian technical partners Alluvium-Amperes, funded by the Australian Water Partnership, which is supported by the Australian Government. The Asia-Pacific Water Scarcity Program (WSP) aims to support countries in the Asia-Pacific Region to take practical steps to address and manage water scarcity while experiencing rapid population growth in a changing climate.

Photo 1 Discussion on the WSP Program via hybrid

Benefit of WSP:

The WSP aims to bring water use within sustainable limits and prepare the region for a productive future with less water through building national capacities in routine water accounting, promoting evidence-based policy, empowering national governments to address water resource challenges, and promoting regional cooperation.

Outputs of WSP in Indonesia:

  1. Establish National Multidisciplinary Government Teams:
    • High-Level National Multidisciplinary Team (NMT)
    • National Multidisciplinary Team Water Accounting Working Group (NMTWG)
  2. Deliver Water Accounting Trainings
  3. Develop Pilot Water Account (Cimanuk River Basin)
  4. Deliver Water Accounting Roadmap
  5. Deliver Water Scarcity Action Plan (WSAP)
  6. Deliver Water Scarcity Declaration
  7. Deliver High-Level Regional Technical Meeting on Water Scarcity
  8. Deliver Regional Water Scarcity Symposium
  9. Regional Practitioners Guide on Water Accounting

On Monday 21st August 2023, BAPPENAS together with Water Stewardship Indonesia (WSI) a leading organisation on good water stewardship in Indonesia, Global Water Partnership Southeast-Asia (GWP-SEA) a multi-stakeholders platform to foster an integrated approach to water resources management (IWRM), FutureWater, Alluvium-Amperes and other stakeholders held a Kick-Off Meeting Workshop for the Water Scarcity Program (WSP) through a hybrid event to inform, discuss and obtain more inputs for the optimal implementation of WSP and cross ministries attended this Kick-off meeting, which reached 99 participants.

Photo 2 Discussion situation at meeting room Bappenas

One of the important components in implementing the WSP is the formation of a National Multidisciplinary Team (NMT) whose members come from various organisations across waterusing sectors (government, private sector, university, and society). The NMT will have a key role in developing the Pilot Water Account, Water Accounting Roadmap, Water Scarcity Declaration, and Water Scarcity Action Plan (WSAP). The Water Scarcity Action Plan (WSAP) will be used as one of the key references in planning and budgeting for the Water Security program in Indonesia.

For more information, please contact (Mr) Fany Wedahuditama: fany@ws-indonesia.org and/or fany.wedahuditama@gwpsea.org

The Water Security Program (WSP) is supported by the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations in Partnership with the Australian Water Partnership (AWP) which is supported by the Australian Government.

Tuesday, 20 June 2023, the Governor of Riau Islands (Mr) Ansar Ahmad inaugurated the public-private program of WASH. This program collaborated with Water Stewardship Indonesia (WSI), Global Water Partnership Southeast Asia (GWP-SEA), Safe Water Gardens (SWG), Gadjah Mada University, and UMRAH with a support grant from Tauw Foundation. This program has successfully built sanitation facilities for 58 households in three villages in Bintan Regency, namely: Busung, Kuala Sempang, and Pengujan villages; these three become the first villages to implement Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) system facilities in Indonesia.

Through this program, several facilities have been built for surrounding communities that include a sanitation system in the form of septic tanks, kitchen sinks, water reservoirs, and water filters. It also has had a positive impact. The installation of 48 SWG units, five water reservoirs, 51 kitchen sinks, 46 toilets, and 58 Nazava filters. Two hundred and sixteen residents from 58 heads of households have been positively affected by this program, as well as the emergence of 13 new micro businesses.

The Government has, of course, provided support and encouraged efforts to improve the quality of life through various health programs, where sanitation and clean water are the first things we deal with

(Mr) Ansar Ahmad. the Governor of Riau Island

Moreover, the Governor appreciated all parties involved in the program and invited the whole community to encourage awareness of health's importance.

To increase community knowledge and participation, SWG also trained six people as trainers who will continue WASH coaching in another village. With the presence of WASH trainers, other villages wishing to implement the WASH program that can gain knowledge from trainers who have been trained.

Founder of Safe Water Garden, Dr. Marc Van Loo

The event concluded with the handing over of WASH certificates to WASH Trainers by the Governor, who will become promoters and extension of works in the villages that become WASH Knowledge Centers. This aims to increase public knowledge and awareness regarding the importance of WASH in maintaining health and quality of life.

For further information, please contact Executive Director WSI, (Mr) Fany Wedahuditama: Fany@ws-indonesia.org

Let's take a peek at the excitement of the Indonesian Water Coalition represented by the Founding Members:

1. Ratih Anggraeni - Head of Climate and Water Stewardship, Danone Indonesia
2. Rudi Zapariza - Stakeholder Outreach Manager, YKAN
3. Mellisa Mina - Sustainability Manager, Multi Bintang Indonesia
4. Fany Wedahuditama, Executive Director of Indonesia Water Coalition and Regional Coordinator, Global Water Partnership - Southeast Asia (GWP-SEA)

This event was held last week, 31st May in a discussion with atamerica visitors on 'Let's Work Together to Accelerate Change in Tackling the Water Crisis!'

It discusses joint actions in overcoming the global water crisis.

Watch the recording below.

The IWSN Network successfully held a meeting in March 2023 to determine the form and management of the IWSN Network for 2023. Several institutions and organizations attended the online meeting, including the National Water Resources Council (DSDAN), Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Perum Jasa Tirta 1 Malang, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Indonesia, Indonesian Conservation Foundation, Center for Regulation, Policy and Management (CRPG), and Water Stewardship Indonesia (WSI).

The members agreed that the current institutional form preferred choice is Staged - Legal Identity, in which this institutional form is the initial form with a full organizational management structure until the organization is truly independent, with the ultimate goal of forming a legal identity in the form of a registered and legally valid association.

The agreed management structured management of IWSN is as the following:

IWSN March 2023 Meeting

Based on these decisions above, the new management will first hold its internal meeting in April to determine the IWSN Action Plan for 2023/2024. Furthermore, IWSN management will need to develop strategies and management plans to achieve IWSN goals and objectives.

It is expected that IWSN will soon hold its first public event to facilitate the adoption and implementation of sustainable fair and resilience water stewardship principles in Indonesia as well as the official launch of IWSN. The official launch of the IWSN Network is expected to encourage many parties and other stakeholders to join the network.

For further information, please contact Mr Catur Adi Nugroho: catur@ws-indonesia.org

On 6th February 2023, Indonesia Water Coalition (IWC) successfully held its first gathering offline at Pusat Suaka Satwa Elang Jawa (PSSEJ), Bogor, West Java. The gathering was held to discuss the coalition's programs, including all three working groups' plans for this year to ensure the achievement of its ultimate goal, which is water security that supports people, environment, and economic development in Indonesia.

The gathering also discussed the importance of aligning each working group activities plan with existing budgeting to ensure adequate resource mobilization and launching the official logo of the coalition. After finalizing all the work plans, IWC members will focus on ensuring the implementation of the work plan. Then, to wrap up the gathering, the members also planted trees to symbolize the mission to support water conservation.

Tree planting by organisation's representative

The Indonesia Water Coalition members are PT Coca-Cola Indonesia, PT Danone Indonesia, Global Water Partnership Southeast Asia (GWPSEA), PT LÓreal Indonesia, PT Multi Bintang Indonesia, PT Nestle Indonesia, PT Unilever Indonesia, Yayasan Konservasi Alam Nusantara (YKAN), and Yayasan Aliansi Wali Sumber Daya Air Indonesia (Water Stewardship Indonesia), have a shared objective to actively work towards water security and sustainable management of water resources through collective action.

Contact the Indonesia Water Coalition Secretariat or us: Yayasan Konservasi Alam Nusantara (YKAN) for further information.

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